Nano-Tech and Telecommunications

nanotechnology– ability to create man-made structures a few billionths of a meter in size

technology– knowledge of and use of humanity’s tools and crafts; technological effects are widespread

future shock– change comes so fat that it approaches the limits of human tolerance and ppl cannot cope w/ it successfully

telecommunications– transmission of info over great distances; has enhanced international commerce, linked relatives living far apart, and helped us explore outerspace; also creates invasion of privacy

5 Phases of technology:

(1) nomadic-agrarian-activity of harvesting/manual skill

(2) agrarian- planting and harvesting/manual skill

(3) industrial- building material goods/manual and machine

(4) service- providing services/manual and intellectual

(5) information- thinking and designing- intellectual and electronic; current phase is information society

cyberspace– info is stored, ideas are described, communication takes place in and through an electronic network of linked systems biotechnology– uses biological systems or living organisms to make/modify products or processes for specific use; applications are agriculture, food science, and medicine

technological growth:

2 factors: (1) economic growth (2) research and development

Top 20 largest firms according to Biz Week were providers of telecommunications and networking; top 10 global web portals (Yahoo is number 1 in ’06)

e-commerce– buying/selling goods electronically (online); US was global leader in e-commerce transactions in ’05, but greatest growth was in Latin American and Asian countries

Internet– global electronic communications network linking individuals and organizations; predicted that 1.08 billion ppl (1 out of 6) used internet; highest internet usage (US)

blogs- web-based journals or logs; Chinese gov. banned blogs that called for democracy, criticized top gov. leadership, advocated for Taiwanese independence, or included nudity/explicit sexual comments

vlogs– video, web lobs

spam– unsolicited emails sent in bulk to valid email accounts (45% of all email); US CAN-SPAM Act; Italy and UK passed laws as well phishing– duping computer users into revealing their passwords/private data under false pretenses; Anti-phishing Working Group (US); organized crime coming from Eastern Europe

m-commerce– conducted on mobile/cellular phones, provides consumers w/ an electronic wallet

technology and education: Web-based Education Commission (US)- recommendations included: (1) make internet resources available and affordable to everyone (2) build a new research framework of how ppl learn (3) revise outdated regulations that impede innovations (4) protect online learners and ensure their privacy (5) sustain funding via traditional/new resources; in ’06, 5 out of 6 college students were taking classes online part-time

medical info thru internet: Health on the Net (Switzerland) offered seal of approval for medical internet sites; US made American Accreditation Health Care Commission/Utilization Review Accreditation Commission (URAC) to set quality standards for managed care and online health care sites

digital divide– gap b/n those who have technology and those who don’t; E-Rate (Clinton) Fed. program narrowed digital divide by making telephone services available at reasonable rates to all Americans; divide in Europe due to lack of Internet infrastructure b/c most ppl dependent on dial-up connections (too slow); initiative announced in ’05 targeting underdeveloped populations- non-profit group One Laptop Per Child made laptops and sold for $100 to bridge gap b/n rich and poor